Natural Gas Expansion, Durable Infrastructure and Renewable Energy Development in Mexico by Prof Angel De La Vega Navarro

Location and Date: 
Thursday, 10 October 2019, 04:00, Seminar Hall, Second Floor, DESE-CESE Building
This proposal seeks to find a ground on which a conversation can be established on some topics of mutual interest for Mexico and India.
Fossil energies predominate in Mexico's primary energy production: crude oil (56%); natural gas (33%). Natural gas has been occupying an increasingly important place, accompanied by a significant expansion of infrastructure, in particular, gas pipelines. This evolution has to do with the generation of electricity.
Currently, 62% of electricity is generated from natural gas, most imported. It is estimated that this 2019, US imports could rise to 96% of total natural gas demand (excluding PEMEX -National Oil Company- consumption).
This situation, together with the huge investment in pipelines, may lead to lock-in phenomena, affecting other developments, such as renewable energy.
I suggest that a flexible strategy "natural gas + renewable" could allow the gradual incorporation of diversified low-carbon energy options, while realistically accepting the place that natural gas has. This energy, indeed:
         * emits approximately 50% less CO2 per kWh than coal, for example.
         * In the medium term, gas turbines are an adequate backup for renewables.

         * In the long term, natural gas from renewable sources will represent an important part of the offer.