GIAN course on Energy from Waste: Sustainable Approaches: Dec 10 – Dec 15, 2018

Due to the increasing population in urban centers and increasing prosperity of the general population, Municipal Solid Waste
(MSW) generation has been growing at an exponential rate leading to almost crisis like situations in major cities and
municipalities across the nation. At the same time, the per capita energy consumption also has been increasing requiring larger
imports of petroleum and natural gas. Concern about global warming has also increased the interest in the production of
renewable energy. At present there is great interest in setting up waste to energy plants that addresses two key major issues
facing society: waste disposal and renewable energy production.

The overall objective of this course is to provide students, teachers and professionals with an understanding of various
approaches to recovering energy from waste material such as MSW, agricultural waste, animal husbandry waste, forest
residues and industrial waste. This course is aimed at providing a sound theoretical and practical base of knowledge and tools
for interested students, teachers and professionals in the field of waste management and energy production.

Starting with an overview of waste management and the nature of waste produced, this course will introduce the participant to
various technological alternatives that are currently being practiced and those under development for deployment in the near
future. These include: (i) production of biogas from anaerobic digestion (AD) of biomass with subsequent conversion to heat
and power using turbines and internal combustion engines, (ii) combustion of MSW to produce heat and power, (iii) AD of food
and animal waste to produce cooking gas in small rural communities, (iv) generation of refuse derived fuel (RDF) from MSW, (v) production of gaseous and liquid fuels via gasification followed by liquefaction, and, (vi) production of liquid fuels from waste plastics by pyrolysis. An important aspect of this course will be the coverage of sustainability issues associated with these waste to energy solutions.