Minor in Energy Engineering

In view of the problem of climate change and scarcity of fossil fuels, the field of energy engineering offers significant challenges and opportunities. The Department of Energy Science and Engineering offers a minor in Energy Engineering to enable undergraduate students with different backgrounds to understand the different aspects of energy engineering. Students will be exposed to the status of energy resources, its interaction with environment and the fundamentals of energy economics (EN 403), different technologies associated with renewable energy sources (EN 301), conventional power generation technologies and planning for power generation capacity enhancement (EN 302), and different techniques and technologies for energy management and energy conservation (EN 402).  An additional elective may be selected based on the students interest from the list of energy electives (fuel cells, wind energy, solar thermal, solar PV, nuclear,….). The minor in energy provides UG students an opportunity to explore possible opportunities in energy efficiency and clean energy to develop sustainable energy systems for the future.

Following courses are offered for MINOR in Energy Engineering

List of elective for X

EN 604 Fuel Cells

EN 613

Nuclear Reactor Theory

EN 615

Wind Energy Conversion Systems

EN 616

Direct Energy Conversion

EN 617

Thermodynamic Analysis of Industrial Systems

EN 619

Solar Energy for Industrial Process Heat

EN 624

Conversion of Energy in Buildings

EN 628

Materials and Devices for Energy Conversion

EN 630

Utilization of Solar Thermal Energy

EN 632

Waste to Energy

EN 634

Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics & Safety

EN 640

Solar photovoltaics: fundamentals, technology and applications

EN 645

Process integration

EN 646

Energy and climate

Following subjects are proposed for offering MINOR in Energy Engineering

Course No. Course Credits

EN 403

Energy Resource, Environment and Economics


EN 301

Introduction to Renewable Energy Technologies


EN 302

Power Generation and Systems Planning


EN 402

Energy Management


Any elective offered by Department of Energy Science and Engineering


Course details are given below

EN 403 Energy Resources, Economics and Environment 2-1-0-6

Course Content:
Overview of World Energy Scenario, Dis-aggregation by end-use, by supply Fossil Fuel Reserves - Estimates, Duration Overview of India`s Energy Scenario - Dis-aggregation by end-use, by supply, reserves Country Energy Balance Construction - Examples Trends in energy use patterns, energy and development linkage. Energy Economics - Simple Payback Period, Time Value of Money, IRR, NPV, Life Cycle Costing, Cost of Saved Energy , Cost of Energy generated, Examples from energy generation and conservation, Energy Chain, Primary energy analysis Life Cycle Assessment, Net Energy Analysis Environmental Impacts of energy use - Air Pollution - SOx, NOx, CO, particulates Solid and Water Pollution, Formation of pollutants, measurement and controls; sources of emissions, effect of operating and design parameters on emission, control methods, Exhaust emission test, procedures, standards and legislation; environmental audits; Emission factors and inventories Global Warming, CO2 Emissions, Impacts, Mitigation Sustainability, Externalities, Future Energy Systems.



Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability, World energy assessment, UNDP, New York, 2000.
AKN Reddy, RH Williams, TB Johansson, Energy after Rio, Prospects and challenges, UNDP, United Nations Publications, New York, 1997.
Global energy perspectives / edited by Nebojsa Nakicenovic, Arnulf Grubler and Alan McDonald Cambridge University Press, 1998
Fowler, J. M., Energy and the environment, 2nd Edn. ,McGraw Hill, New York, 1984

Introduction to Renewable Energy 2-1-0-6

Course Content:
Introduction to world energy scenario, Renewable energy resources, Radiation, Solar Geometry, radiation models; Solar Thermal, Optical efficiency, thermal efficiency, concentrators, testing procedures, introduction to thermal systems (flat plate collector), solar architecture, solar still, air heater, panel systems; Photovoltaic; Introduction to semiconductor physics, doping, P_N junction, Solar cell and its I_V characteristics, PV systems components, design of a solar PV systems. Biomass, Biomass resources, wood composition, pyrolysis, gasifies, biogas, biodisel, ethanol; Wind, Introduction, types of wind machines, Cp-l curve & betz limits, wind recourse analysis; Systems, stand alone, grid connected, hybrid, system design; Hydro systems, Hydro resources, types of hydro turbine, small hydro systems; Other systems, Geothermal, wave energy, ocean energy

S. P. Sukhatme, Solar Energy - Principles of thermal collection and storage, second edition, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1996
J. A. Duffie and W. A. Beckman, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, second edition, John Wiley, New York, 1991
D. Y. Goswami, F. Kreith and J. F. Kreider, Principles of Solar Engineering, Taylor and Francis, Philadelphia, 2000
D. D. Hall and R. P. Grover, Biomass Regenerable Energy, John Wiley, New York, 1987.
J. Twidell and T. Weir, Renewable Energy Resources, E & F N Spon Ltd, London, 1986. M. A. Green, Solar Cells, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1982.

Power Generation and Systems Planning 2-1-0-6

Course Content:
Overview of the Indian power sector, Thermodynamic analysis of Conventional Power Plants. Advanced Power Cycles, Kalina (Cheng) Cycle, IGCC, AFBC/PFBC

Steam Turbine - Superheater, reheater and partial condenser vacuum. Combined Feed heating and Reheating. Regenerative Heat Exchangers, Reheaters and Intercoolers in Gas Turbine power plants. Hydro power plants - turbine characteristics. Auxiliaries - Water Treatment Systems, Electrostatic Precipitator / Flue gas Desulphurisation, Coal crushing / Preparation - Ball mills / Pulverisers, ID/FD Fans, Chimney, Cooling Towers.

Power plant control systems- Review of control principles, Combustion control, pulveriser control, control of air flow, Furnace pressure and feed water, steam temperature control, Safety provisions / Interlocks

Analysis of System load curve -plant load factor, availability, Loss of load Probability calculations for a power system, Maintenance Scheduling Pricing of Power - Project cost components, Analysis of Power Purchase Agreements (PPA), Debt/Equity Ratio and effect on Return on Investment, Environmental Legislations/Government Policies Optimal Dispatch - Scheduling of Hydro-Thermal plants.  Load Forecasting - Time series, Econometric, end use techniques.  Least Cost Power Planning - Integration of DSM, Renewable into supply.


  • R.W.Haywood, Analysis of Engineering Cycles, 4th Edition, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1991.
  • D. Lindsay, Boiler Control Systems, Mcgraw Hill International, London, 1992.
  • H.G. Stoll, Least Cost Electrical Utility / Planning, John Wiley & Sons, 1989.
  • T.M. O' Donovan, Short Term Forecasting: An introduction to the Box Jenkins Approach, Wiley, Chichester, 1983.
  • A.B.Gill, Power Plant Performance, Butterworths, 1984.
  • Wood, A.J., Wollenberg, B.F., Power Generation, operation & control, John Wiley, New York, 1984.

EN 402 Energy Management

Course Content:
1. Importance of energy management. Energy auditing: methodology, analysis of past trends plant data), closing the energy balance, laws of thermodynamics, measurements, portable and on line instruments.

2. Energy economics - discount rate, payback period, internal rate of return, life cycle costing. Steam Systems: Boiler -efficiency testing, excess air control, Steam distribution & use- steam traps , condensate recovery , flash steam utilisation. Thermal Insulation.

3. Electrical Systems : Demand control, power factor correction, load scheduling/shifting, Motor drives- motor efficiency testing, energy efficient motors, motor speed control.

4. Lighting- lighting levels, efficient options, fixtures, daylighting, timers, Energy efficient windows.

5. Energy conservation in Pumps, Fans (flow control), Compressed Air Systems, Refrigeration & air conditioning systems. Waste heat recovery: recuperators, heat wheels, heat pipes, heat pumps.

6. Cogeneration - concept, options (steam/gas turbines/diesel engine based), selection criteria, control strategy. Heat exchanger networking- concept of pinch, target setting, problem table approach, composite curves. Demand side management. Financing energy conservation
L.C.Witte, P.S.Schmidt, D.R.Brown , Industrial Energy Management and Utilisation, Hemisphere Publ, Washington,1988.
Industrial Energy Conservation Manuals, MIT Press, Mass, 1982.
The Efficient Use of Energy, Ed: I.G.C.Dryden, Butterworths, London, 1982
Energy Management Handbook, Ed: W.C.Turner, Wiley, New York, 1982.
Technology Menu for Efficient energy use- Motor drive systems, Prepared by National Productivity Council and Center for & Environmental Studies- Princeton Univ, 1993.