Course structure for Dual Degree (M.Sc.  Ph.D.)
Third Year First Semester 
# 

L 
T 
P 
C 
HS 699 
Communication Skills 
2 
0 
0 
4* 

ElectiveVII 
3 
0 
0 
6 

ElectiveVIII 
3 
0 
0 
6 
EN 693 
M.Sc.Ph.D. Project 3 
0 
0 
0 
48 
Total 
6 
0 
0 
60+4* 
* pass/not pass course
List of Electives:
EN 604 Fuel Cells
EN 615 Wind Energy Conversion Systems
EN 619 Solar Energy for Industrial Process Heat
EN 624 Conservation of Energy in Buildings
EN 628 Materials and Devices for Energy Conversion
EN 630 Utilisation of Solar Thermal Energy
EN 632 Waste to Energy
EN 645 Process Integration
CL 461 Colloid & Interfacial Engineering
CL 463 Introduction to Food Engineering
CL 465 Stochastic Processes
CL 484 Electrolytic Cells
CL 605 Advance Reaction Engineering
CL 609 Pollution Control Systems
CL 611 Electrochemical Reaction Engineering
CL 618 Catalysis and Surface Chemistry
CL 625 Process Modelling and Identification
CL 644 Modeling and Analysis of Bioprocesses
CL 710 Aerosol Technology
CH 425 Chemical Bond and Molecular Geometry
CH 426 Rate Processes
CH 427 Chemical and Statistical Thermodynamics
CH 440 Introduction to Biomolecules
CH 442 Molecular Spectroscopy
CH 544 Organic Reagents and Reactions
CH 550 Electrochemistry
CH 559 Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications
CH 590 Thermal and Photochemical Reactions
CH 842 Elements of Advanced Molecular Quantum Mechanics
MM 484 Solid Electrolytes
ES 605 Environmental Impact Assessment
ES 611 Environmental Chemistry
PH 403 Quantum Mechanics I
PH 405 Electronics
PH 422 Quantum Mechanics II
PH 424 Electromagnetic Theory I
PH 440 Introduction to Atomic and Molecular Physics
PH 502 Quantum Mechanics III
PH 504 Quantum Electronics
PH 507 Statistical Physics
PH 521 Introduction to Photonics
PH 522 Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics
PH 528 Modern Optics
PH 542 Nonlinear Dynamics
PH 534 Quantum Information and Computing
Detailed Course Contents
EN 621: Mathematical Foundation for Energy Science 3108
Course Contents:
Review: limit, continuity, differentiation and integration. Roll’s theorem, Taylor’s theorem, mean value theorem, fundamental theorem of integral calculus.
Vector Calculus: vector fields, surface/line integral, grad/divergence/curl, Gauss’ and Stroke’s theorem.
Linear Algebra: vector space, inner product, rank, inverse, eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
Ordinary Differential Equations: ODE of the 1st order, solution techniques, ordinary linear differential equations of nth order, Operator method, systems of differential equations, Phase plane, Critical points, Stability.
Infinite sequences and series: sequences and series, Cauchy criterion, tests of convergence, absolute and conditional convergence. Uniform convergence. Power series, radius of convergence. Power series methods for solutions of ordinary differential equations. Laplace transform. Fourier series.
Texts/References
E. Kreyszig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 9th ed., John Wiley & Sons 1999..
W.E. Boyce and R.C. DiPrima, Elementary Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems, 3rd ed., Wiley, 1977.
G.F. Simmons, Differential Equations with Applications and Historical Notes, McGrawHill, New York, 1991.
EN 623: Electrical Energy Systems 3108
Course Contents:
Fundamental laws of electrical engineering. circuit parameters. elementary network theory. forced and transient response, sinusoidal steady state response. threephase circuits. magnetic circuit and transformers. Single phase and three phase transformers, Auto transformers. Basic concepts of Electromechanical energy conversion leading to rotating machines. Principle of operation characteristics and control of DC, three phase and single phase asynchronous machines and synchronous machines. Special machines, e.g. Stepper motors, brushless DC machines, Introduction and basic concepts. Steadystate performance of transmission lines. System modelling and loadflow analysis.
Texts/References
T. K. Nagsarkar and M. S. Sukhija, Basic Electrical Engineering, Oxford University Press, 2005.
Vincent Del Toro, Electrical Engineering Fundamentals, Prentice Hall of India, 2004.
P. C. Sen, Principles of Electrical Machines and Power Electronics, John Wiley and Sons, 1997.
I. J. Nagrath and D. P. Kothari, Electrical Machines, Tata McGraw Hill, 1990.
A. E. Fitzgerald, C. Kingsley Jr. and S. D. Umars, Electrical Machinery, McGraw Hill, 1983.
I. J. Nagrath and D. P. Kothari, Electric Machines, Tata McGraw Hill, 1985.
W.D. Stevenson, Elements of Power System Analysis, 4th Ed., McGraw Hill, 1982.
I.J. Nagrath and D.P. Kothari, Modern Power System Analysis, 2nd Ed., Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1989.
O.I. Elgerd, Electric Energy Systems Theory : A Introduction, 2nd Ed., Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, l982.
EN 625: Introduction to Transport Phenomena 3108
Course Contents:
Vectors and Tensors  an Introduction; Viscosity and the mechanism of Momentum transport; Velocity distribution in laminar flow; The equations of change for isothermal systems; Thermal conductivity and the mechanism of energy transport; Temperature distribution in solids and laminar flow; Equations of change for nonisothermal systems; Diffusivity and the mechanism of mass transport; Concentration distribution in solids and in laminar flow; Equations of change for multicomponent Systems.
Texts/References
R.B.Bird, W.E.Stewart and E.N.Lightfoot, Transport Phenomena, WileyEastern, New Delhi, l960.
R.C.Reid, J.M.Prausnitz and B.E.Poling, "the Properties of Gases and Liquids" 4th ed., McGraw Hill International ED., New Delhi. 1988.
EN 606: Energy Resources, Economics and Environment 3006
Course Contents:
Overview of World Energy Scenario. Disaggregation by enduse, by supply Fossil Fuel Reserves  Estimates, Duration Overview of India`s Energy Scenario  Disaggregation by enduse, by supply, reserves Country Energy Balance Construction  Examples Trends in energy use patterns, energy and development linkage. Energy Economics  Simple Payback Period, Time Value of Money, IRR, NPV, Life Cycle Costing, Cost of Saved Energy , Cost of Energy generated, Examples from energy generation and conservation, Energy Chain, Primary energy analysis Life Cycle Assessment, Net Energy Analysis Environmental Impacts of energy use  Air Pollution  SOx, NOx, CO, particulates Solid and Water Pollution, Formation of pollutants, measurement and controls; sources of emissions, effect of operating and design parameters on emission, control methods, Exhaust emission test, procedures, standards and legislation; environmental audits; Emission factors and inventories Global Warming, CO2 Emissions, Impacts, Mitigation Sustainability, Externalities, Future Energy Systems.
Texts/References
Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability, World energy assessment, UNDP,New York, 2000.
AKN Reddy, RH Williams, TB Johansson, Energy after Rio, Prospects and challenges, UNDP, United Nations Publications, New York, 1997.
Global energy perspectives / edited by Nebojsa Nakicenovic, Arnulf Grubler and Alan McDonald, Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Fowler, J.M. ,Energy and the environment,. 2nd Edn. ,McGraw Hill, New York, 1984.
EN 629: Thermodynamics and Energy Conversion 3108
Course Contents:
Basic concepts, Zeroth law and temperature, Energy interaction, First Law, Flow processes, Second Law, Entropy and availability, Combined First and Second Laws, Gas Power cycles: Carnot, Stirling, Brayton, Otto, Diesel and Duel cycles, Vapour power cycles: Rankine cycle and improvements, Refrigeration, Psychrometry, Role of thermodynamics in Energy conversion.
Texts/References
P.K.Nag, Engineering Thermodynamics, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1991.
J.B.Jones and R.E.Dugan, Engineering Thermodynamics, PHI, New Delhi, 1996
Y.A.Cengel and M.A.Boles, Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1998.
A. Bejan, Advanced Engineering thermodynamics, John Wiley, Toronto, 1988.
EN 631: Energy Laboratory I 0033
Course Contents:
Different instruments; calibration and applications, Measurement techniques, calibration of measuring tools and characterization, temperature measurements, pressure measurements, flow measurements, Experiments related to Energy conversion and IC engine.
MA 212: Probability, Random Process and Statistical Inference 2106
Course Contents:
Basic definition of probability, random variables, probability density function, probability distribution function, standard univariate and multivariate distributions, conditional distributions and densities, moment generating functions, characteristic functions, limit theorems. Point estimation, interval estimation. Hypothesis testing. Simple linear regression, correlation. Random Processes : Markov processes, stationary processes. Ergodicity, autocorrelation, crosscorrelation, power spectral density. Exposure to statistical packages like SAS and SPSS.
Texts/References
M.O`Flynn, Probabilities, Random Variables and Random Processes, Harper and Row, 1982.
A.Papoulis, Probability, Random variables and Stochastic Processes, McGrawHill, 1985.
H.Stark and J.W.Woods, Probability, Random Processes and Estimation Theory for Engineers, PrenticeHall, 1986.
A.D.Allen, Probability, Statistics and Queueing Theory with Computer Science Applications, 2nd ed., Academic Press, 1990.
H.J.Larson, Introduction to Probability Theory and Statistical Inference, 3rd ed., Wiley, 1969.
D.M.Himmelblau, Process Analysis by Statistical Methods, Wiley, 1970.
EN 638 : Material Science for Energy Applications 3108
Course Contents:
Review of quantum concepts: particle nature of light. Atomic Structure, Solid state physics: Free electron model of metals, Energy Bands, Bonding, superconductivity, Crystal Structure & Defects, Diffusion, Non Crystalline Materials, Phase Equilibria and Phase Diagrams, Phase Transformation, Microstructural Development. Conductivity, Electron Mobility, Energy levels, Electrical Resistivity of Metals & Alloys, Semiconductors, Hall Effect, Carrier Concentration. Dielectric Properties, Capacitance, Types of polarisations, Piezoelectricity & Ferroelectricity. Optical properties, Interaction of solids with radiation, Luminescence, Photoconductivity, Lasers.
Texts/References
L.H. Van Vlack, Elements of Materials Science and Engineering, AddisonWesley, New York, 1989.
W.D. Callister, Jr., Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, John Wiley, New York, 1997.
Z.D. Jastrzebski, the Nature and Properties of Engineering Materials, John Wiley, New York, 1987
Solid State electronic devices, Ben G. Streetman, PrenticeHall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 1995.
EN 642: Power Generation and Systems Planning 3006
Course Contents:
Overview of the Indian power sector, Thermodynamic analysis of Conventional Power Plants. Advanced Power Cycles, Kalina (Cheng) Cycle, IGCC, AFBC/PFBC Overview of Nuclear power plant, Radio activity, Cross sections, Fission process, reaction rates, diffusion theory, elastic scattering and slowing down, criticality calculations, critical heat flux, power reactors, nuclear safety. Steam Turbine  Superheater, reheater and partial condenser vacuum.Combined Feed heating and Reheating. Regenerative Heat Exchangers, Reheaters and Intercoolers in Gas Turbine power plants. Hydro power plants  turbine characteristics. Auxiliaries  Water Treatment Systems, Electrostatic Precipitator / Flue gas Desulphurisation, Coal crushing / Preparation  Ball mills / Pulverisers, ID/FD Fans, Chimney, Cooling Towers. Power plant control systems Review of control principles, Combustion control, pulveriser control, control of air flow, Furnace pressure and feed water, steam temperature control, Safety provisions / Interlocks Analysis of System load curve plant load factor, availability, Loss of load Probability calculations for a power system, Maintenance SchedulingPricing of Power  Project cost components, Analysis of Power Purchase Agreements (PPA), Debt/Equity Ratio and effect on Return on Investment, Environmental Legislations/Government Policies Optimal Dispatch  Scheduling of HydroThermal plants. Load Forecasting  Time series, Econometric, end use techniques. Least Cost Power Planning  Integration of DSM, Renewables into supply.
Texts/References
R.W.Haywood, Analysis of Engineering Cycles, 4th Edition, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1991.
D. Lindsay, Boiler Control Systems, Mcgraw Hill International, London, 1992.
H.G. Stoll, Least Cost Electrical Utility / Planning, John Wiley & Sons, 1989.
T.M. O` Donovan, Short Term Forecasting : An introduction to the Box Jenkins Approach, Wiley, Chichester, 1983.
A.B.Gill, Power Plant Performance, Butterworths, 1984.
Wood, A.J., Wollenberg, B.F., Power Generation, operation & control, John Wiley, New York, 1984.
J.R.Lamarsh,Introduction to Nuclear Engg.2nd edition,addisonWesley,1983.
EN 648 : Combustion Engineering 3006
Course Contents:
Fuels  Characteristics and Properties. Combustion Thermodynamics and Thermochemistry  Heat of Reaction, Calorific Value, Adiabatic Flame Temp. etc. Combustion Kinetics – Reaction Mechanism / Pathways, Rate Constants, Activation Energy. Flame – Diffusion Flame, Mixed Flame, Flame Velocity. Formation of Pollutants – CO, Soot, NOX and SOX. Combustion Modelling – Solid Combustion, Gas Combustion and Liquid Combustion. Combustion Equipment: Combustion in Boilers (including Fluidised Bed Combustion), Liquid Combustion – Atomiser, Spray Combustion etc., Gas Combustion – Gas Burners, Interchangibility of Fuels, Special Equipment. Engines, Combustion Phenomenon in Engines, Performance of Engine and Emissions. Stoves. Catalysis – Catalytic Combustion and Control of Emissions.
Texts/References
Combustion Theory: The Fundamental Theory of Chemically Reacting Flow Systems  F. A. Williams, BenjaminCummings Publishing Company; 2nd ed edition (January 1985)
GasPhase Combustion Chemistry  W. C. Gardiner (Ed), Springer; 2 edition (December 17, 1999)
Fluidisation Engineering  Dekker, Kunii, D. and Levenspiel, O. McGraw Hill, New York. (1991).
S. R. Turns, An Introduction to Combustion: Concepts and Applications, McGrawHill Book Co., 1995.
EN 616: Direct Energy Conversion 3006
Course Contents:
Energy conversion process, indirect and direct energy conversion. Preview of semiconductor physics: Basic ideas of quantum physics, Fermi Energy, band diagram, Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, pn junction Introduction to irreversible thermodynamics. Thermoelectric conversion: thermoelectric effects, analysis of thermoelectric generators and coolers, figure of merit, device configuration. Photovoltaic conversion: Optical effects of pn junction, design and analysis of PV cells. PV cell fabrication, System design. Thermionic conversion: thermionic effects, analysis of converters, application of heat pipes. Magnetohydrodynamic conversion: gaseous conductors, analysis of MHD generators. Batteries and fuel cell: Thermodynamic analysis, design and analysis of batteries and fuel cells. Other modes of direct energy conversion.
Texts/References
Kettani, M.A., Direct energy conversion, AddisonWesley, Reading, Mass, 1970.
Angrist S.W. ,Direct Energy Conversion. 4th Ed. Allyn And Bacon, Boston, 1982
Green M.A. ,Solar Cells, PrenticeHall, Englewood Cliffs, 1982
Hand book Batteries and Fuel Cells. Linden, McGraw Hill, 1984.
EN 650: Energy Laboratory II 0033
Course Contents:
Measurement of Cp (Flow method), (p, T) saturation line of a fluid, steam turbine and gas turbine  pressure profile, combustion chamber, efficiency of combustion chamber and measurements of pollutants in exhaust, measurement of pressure difference, heat transfer experiments, measurements of emissivity, thermal conductivity, heat transfer coefficient.
EN 652: Computational Laboratory 0135
Course Contents:
Programming language, philosophy of programming, Numerical computations: nonlinear equations, system simulations, linear and nonlinear optimization. Introductory Data structures, Computations of large systems, Application of software for simulation and optimization.
EN 655: Energy Laboratory III 0134
Course Contents:
Boiler, Pump & motor efficiency testing, Properties of fuel oils & biomass, Testing of Gasifier, wind machines, and Fuel cell, Pollutant level measurement, electrical machines characteristics, refrigeration system and GC, MS etc. Hall effect, conductivity of semiconductor, carrier concentration, measurement of photoconductivity, spectroscopy – reflectance, absorption, transmission. Instruments that are not covered in EP 405.
EP 405: Methods in Analytical techniques 2048
Course Contents:
Structure and Microstructure analysis by Xray and electron diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy techniques. Study of molecular structure by resonance techniques like Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Fourier transform NMR (FTNMR) and Electron spin resonance (ESR). Study of molecular structure by Infrared (IR), Fourier transform IR (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopies. Study of electronic structure by Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Xray absorption techniques. Composition analysis by Energy dispersive Xray (EDX), Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES) and Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). Study of surface morphology and structure by Scanning tunneling and Atomic Force microscopies (STM, AFM). Study of magnetic thin films by Ferromagnetic resonance, vibrating sample and torque magnetometry and Magnetic force microscopy.
Texts/References
R.S. Drago, Physical methods, 2nd ed., Saunders College Publishing, 1992.
B.G.Yacobi, D.B.Holt and L.L.Kazmerski, Microanalysis of Solids, Plenum Press, 1994.
EN 618: Energy Systems Modelling and Analysis 3006
Course Contents:
Energy Chain, Primary energy analysis. Modelling overview levels of analysis, steps in model development, examples of models. Quantitative Techniques: Interpolation  polynomial, lagrangian. curvefitting, regression analysis, solution of transcendental equations. Systems Simulation information flow diagram, solution of set of nonlinear algebraic equations, successive substitution, Newton Raphson. Examples of energy systems simulation Optimisation: Objectives/constraints, problem formulation. Unconstrained problems Necessary & Sufficiency conditions. Constrained Optimisation Lagrange multipliers, constrained variations, KuhnTucker conditions. Linear Programming  Simplex tableau, pivoting, sensitivity analysis. Dynamic Programming . Search TechniquesUnivariate/Multivariate. Case studies of optimisation in Energy systems problems. Dealing with uncertainty probabilistic techniques. Tradeoffs between capital & energy using Pinch Analysis. Energy Economy Models: Scenario Generation, Input Output Model. Numerical solution of Differential equations Overview, Convergence, Accuracy. Transient analysis application examples.
Texts/References
W.F. Stoecker Design of Thermal Systems, Mcgraw Hill, 1981.
S.S.Rao Optimisation theory and applications, Wiley Eastern, 1990.
S.S. Sastry Introductory methods of numerical analysis,Prentice Hall, 1988.
P. Meier Energy Systems Analysis for Developing Countries, Springer Verlag,1984.
R.de Neufville, Applied Systems Analysis , Mcgraw Hill, International Edition,1990 .
Beveridge and Schechter,Optimisation Theory and Practice,Mcgraw Hill, 1970.
EN 601: Nonconventional Energy Sources 3006
Course Contents:
Energy Alternatives: The Solar Option, The Nuclear Option, Tar sands and Oil Shale, Tidal Energy, Geothermal Energy Solar Energy: Solar Radiation, availability, measurement and estimation, Solar Thermal Conversion Devices and Storage, Applications Solar Photovoltaic conversion, Wave Energy and Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, Wind Energy Conversion, Biomass Energy Conversion Energy from Waste, Mini/Microhydel.
Texts/References
S. P. Sukhatme, Solar Energy  Principles of thermal collection and storage, second edition, Tata McGrawHill, New Delhi, 1996
J. A. Duffie and W. A. Beckman, Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, second edition, John Wiley, New York, 1991
D. Y. Goswami, F. Kreith and J. F. Kreider, Principles of Solar Engineering, Taylor and Francis, Philadelphia, 2000
D. D. Hall and R. P. Grover, Biomass Regenerable Energy, John Wiley, New York, 1987.
J. Twidell and T. Weir, Renewable Energy Resources, E & F N Spon Ltd, London, 1986.
EN 607: Energy Management 3006
Course Contents:
Importance of energy management. Energy auditing : methodology, analysis of past trends( plant data), closing the energy balance , laws of thermodynamics, measurements, portable and on line instruments. Energy economics  discount rate, payback period, internal rate of Return, life cycle costing. Steam Systems : Boiler efficiency testing , excess air control , Steam distribution & use steam traps , condensate recovery , flash steam utilisation. Thermal Insulation. Electrical Systems : Demand control, power factor correction, load scheduling/shifting, Motor drives motor efficiency testing, energy efficient motors, motor speed control. Lighting lighting levels, efficient options, fixtures, daylighting, timers, Energy efficient windows. Energy conservation in Pumps , Fans (flow control), Compressed Air Systems, Refrigeration & air conditioning systems. Waste heat recovery : recuperators, heat wheels, heat pipes, heat pumps. Cogeneration  concept, options(steam/gas turbines/diesel engine based), selection criteria , control strategy. Heat exchanger networking concept of pinch, target setting, problem table approach, composite curves. Demand side management. Financing energy conservation
Texts/References
L.C.Witte, P.S.Schmidt, D.R.Brown , Industrial Energy Management and Utilisation, Hemisphere Publ, Washington,1988.
Industrial Energy Conservation Manuals, MIT Press, Mass, 1982.
The Efficient Use of Energy, Ed: I.G.C.Dryden, Butterworths, London, 1982.
Energy Management Handbook, Ed: W.C.Turner, Wiley, New York, 1982.
Technology Menu for Efficient energy use Motor drive systems, Prepared by National Productivity Council and Center for & Environmental Studies Princeton Univ, 1993.
EN 612: NonConventional Energy Systems Lab. 0033
Course Contents:
Measurement of solar radiation and sunshine hours, Measurement of albedo, UV & IR radiation, Measurement of emissivity, reflectivity, transmittivity, Performance testing of solar flat plate water heater. Forced flow & thermosyphon systems, Performance testing solar air heater & dryer & desalination unit, Performance testing of solar thermal concentrators, Characteristics of photovoltaic devices & testing of solar PV operated pump. Energy consumption & lumen measurement of lights & ballasts.
HS 699: Communication and Presentation Skills 2004*
Course Contents:
The aim of this course is to equip the postgraduate students with basic communication and presentation skills for academic and professional purposes. Remedial work will be conducted wherever necessary. The course will focus on the following topics: The process of communication; barriers to communication and how they can be overcome. Types of communication: verbal and nonverbal. Nonverbal communication: body language Verbal communication: Oral and Written Oral: elements of pronunciation, oral presentation, group discussion Written: technical reports, business letters Reception skills: reading and listening skills Vocabulary and Grammar Style and Usage: Punctuation, Readability and Culturesensitivity Use of computerized audiovisual aids for academic and professional presentations. Psychological and Sociological Aspects of communication
Texts/References
Bell, Arthur H. Tools for Technical and Professional Communication. NTC Publishing Group, Lincolnwood, 1995.
Eisenberg, Anne A Beginner?s Guide to Technical Communication. WBC McGrawHill, Boston, 1998.
Hicks, T.G. & C. M. Valorie Handbook of Effective Technical Communication. McGrawHill, NY, 1989.
Huckin, T N. and L. A. Olson Technical Writing and Professional Communication for Nonnative Speakers of English. McGrawHill, NY, 1991.
Little, Peter Oral and Written Communication. Longman, London. 1979.
Murphy, R. Intermediate English Grammar: Reference and Practice for South Asian Students. Cambridge University Press, New Delhi, 2001.
Singh, R. K. Using English in Science and Technology. Prakash Book Depot, Bareilly, 2000.
